The aim of the “SuMo-Rhine – Promotion of Sustainable Mobility in the Upper Rhine Region” project, launched on 1 July 2018, is to support communities in the Upper Rhine region in setting up and expanding cross-border sustainable transport systems. The project partners want to set up a new “decision support system”. This system thus forms a cornerstone for the mobility turnaround in border regions. Using a web application, indicators for sustainable mobility can be made accessible to a broad public. This will enable decision-makers from politics and industry to identify potentials for improving transport services with low environmental impact and for increasing the market share of alternative modes of transport much more precisely than before. Modern multi-modal transport concepts with large proportions of non-motorised routes or electric mobility are seen here as fundamental building blocks of a sustainable transport concept. In addition to the positive environmental effects, this can also cause considerable economic and health side effects for the population.
Challenges and potential
Mobility is a central factor in society, both economically and socially. In its current form, however, in France it contributes about 31%, in Switzerland about 32% and in Germany about 20% to national harmful CO2 emissions – the lion’s share of which is attributable to road traffic. Despite ambitious political goals, no reduction trend is discernible so far, which means that the other sectors are coming under even greater pressure to reduce. The share of road traffic is particularly high in border regions. However, sustainable mobility concepts must not stop at national borders; joint, multinational transport concepts in particular could create considerable synergies in reducing the environmental impact of cross-border transport. “SuMo-Rhine” could turn the Upper Rhine region into a blueprint for the mobility development of other European border regions.